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How to Teach Multiplication using Arrays

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Working with arrays is a way to help visual learners understand multiplication.  An array is simply an arrangement of objects in rows and columns, so they are very useful with this math skill.  We build on the knowledge that 3+3+3 is the same as "3 groups of 3" is also the same as 3x3.

Try this festive Pumpkin Patch Array to help your visual learners understand multiplication.

multiplication array

With a visual representation of rows and columns, your child will begin to understand how to use an array to multiply {read more about arrays here}.

How to Teach Multiplication


Using an egg carton and glass pumpkin gems, we practiced multiplication facts by building several seasonal pumpkin patch arrays.  However, you can build an array with many other types of manipulatives, too!

Simply build several rows and columns using the glass pumpkin gems.  Begin by having your child create his/her own and/or have your child build arrays using numbers you call out.

For the image below, I have 3 rows of 3, which when written as a multiplication sentence is 3x3.

How to Teach Multiplication

6 rows of 4 is the same as 6 x 4, which equals 24.



An array is a wonderful way to explore multiplication!  Great for hands-on, visual learners!

More Early Elementary Pumpkin Themed Learning Activities:



More ways to practice multiplication, check some other activities we have shared: